What is a healthy beverage

* Lower in sugar
* Natural ingredients, inlcuding fresh brewed coffee & tea
* No Preservatives
* No artificial colour or flavours
* No transfat

Types of Coffee

Hundreds of varieties of coffees are available but they can generally be divided into two types, ARABICA and ROBUSTA.

Robusta coffee is cheap coffee, mass produced for the general market, including manufacture of Instant Coffee. It is grown in lowland plantations, the trees being stout and robust, hence the name Robusta. Arabica coffee is grown in highland plantations, about 1,500 metres above sea level where lower temperatures and slower growth lead to a coffee with good aroma & smooth taste. Many sub-groups of Arabica coffees, exist, namely, Blue Mountain, Kona, Kilimanjaro, Mandehling, Toraja, to name a few, generally named after their geographical locations.

Flavour and quality of coffee depends on many factors, including grading, processing soil and climate conditions. The very best Arabica coffees are called specialty coffees and is used by high end baristas. It is well known that soil conditions and climate significantly affect coffee flavour. It has even been documented that coffee beans grown on opposite banks of a river in the same plantation has different flavour.

Harvesting & Processing

The ripe fruit of the coffee tree is called a Cherry. It is red or orange in colour, and for specialty coffees, carefully selected before picking. After picking, the pulp must be removed.

For specialty coffees, this is done via a process known as ‘washing’. The picked cherries are either dried and the pulp allowed to peel off, or mechanically removed and the beans soaked in water to allow bacteria to digest the outer layer of the beans or mucilage. This last step is known
as ‘fermentation’ and the bacteria creates enzymes which significantly alter the flavour of the coffee. After ‘fermentation’, the beans are then washed by soaking in water and dried, hence the name ‘washing’.

‘Washing’ can even be done via the digestive juices of animals. The most expensive coffee in the world is Kopi Luwak, in which the coffee bean has been digested and excreted from the Luwak (a type of squirrel in Indonesia). In Thailand, elephants are used for this process.

For mass produced coffee notably Robusta, the skins are removed via drying or mechanically and the fermentation and washing steps are skipped.

Grading of Coffee Beans

Grading of coffee beans is a tedious labour intensive process, whereby defective beans and undersized beans are sorted out. Grading rules vary country by country But generally there is a scale of grade 1 to grade 6. The grades specify the percentage of defective/undersize beans. Grade 1 coffee beans have less than 10 defects per thousand, and anything up to 200 beans per thousand for grade 6.

Defects can be caused by insects and pests, unripe cherries, or damage during storage, transportation and washing. The most serious defect is off colour beans which can be anything from unripe beans harvested, defects in the beans itself, or damage during processing. Off colour beans show up as different colour beans during roasting and greatly affect the final taste of the coffee.

Coffee Bean Prices

Everything from harvesting, washing, and grading of coffee beans is highly labour intensive.  When added to the fact that suitable soil and climate locations for coffee plantations are limited, it is not surprising that there is wide variation of prices of coffee beans.   Prices may range per kg from USD100 upwards for Kopi Luwak, to USD 20 for Blue Mountain.  Cheap unwashed Robusta may be as low as USD1.50 .

Unless coffee beans are roasted, and tasted by a special coffee taster, a process known as ‘cupping’, it is impossible to differentiate a specialty coffee from a Robusta coffee; since unwashed and washed coffee, Robusta and specialty raw coffee beans are very similar in appearance.

Roasting of Coffee Beans

In order to release its aroma, the raw coffee beans must be roasted. Roasting causes the complex chemical compounds in the coffee beans to change and react with each other, and create the wonderful aroma of coffee . Roasting temperatures can range from 180 ℃ to 240 ℃, and roasting time anything from 10 minutes to 20 minutes. Coffee bean taste changes profoundly with roasting times and temperatures, giving rise to light, medium and dark roasts. Short roasting times at low temperatures lead to light roasts with good aroma and mild, acidic taste. However, there is a risk of under roasting whereby the full coffee aroma is not released. On the other extreme, dark roast gives a strong coffee, but aroma and smoothness may be compromised.

Blending of Coffee Beans

Blending is the mixing of different types of coffee beans to create a unique taste. Blending may be between dark and light roasts of the same type of bean, Robusta with Specialty coffees, or between different types of Specialty coffees. The possibilities are endless but the most common blend is between Robusta and Arabica, with Robusta giving the taste and Arabica the aroma. Specialty coffee shops guard their blend and roast formulas zealously for obvious reasons.

Brewing of Coffee Beans

Many types of aromatic compounds are released during the roasting of coffees. Up to a thousand have been identified by flavourists and some may not be pleasant to taste. The art or technique of coffee brewing is to release the favourable/desirable coffee compounds only and exclude the others that may give rise to off flavour, bitterish or rough taste. Coffee taste
can vary during brewing because of the size of the ground coffee, the extraction times, extraction temperature, and even the pressure of the water passing through the coffee. We can have fine grinded coffee extracted at close to 100℃, giving a strong coffee taste or ‘expresso’. On the other extreme, using cold water soak up to 24 hours and we have a smooth tasting ‘cold brewed coffee’. Countless possibilities exist between the two.

Sundrop Coffee

Sundrop Fruit Juices Sdn. Bhd. has decades of experience in the manufacture of ready to drink coffee.  We use  best quality coffee beans, roasted and blended to perfection, to create our own unique taste.   The figure is brewed by our own propriety process and canned using state of the art manufacturing plant to create a premium product for all to enjoy.

Health Benefits of Coffee

The health benefits of coffee have long been documented and scientifically studied. Coffee has many stimulants including caffeine which has been proven to stimulate the brain and reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Coffee also increases metabolism and burning of fat. It has significant amounts of vitamins, antioxidants , minerals and other useful nutrients. All in all, regular consumption of coffee has been proven to reduce disease and increase life spans.

Our Product

Fresh Brewed Black Coffee

Fresh Brewed Premium Coffee