Types of Coffee
Hundreds of varieties of coffees are available but they can generally be divided into two types, ARABICA and ROBUSTA.
Robusta coffee is cheap coffee, mass produced for the general market, including manufacture of Instant Coffee. It is grown in lowland plantations, the trees being stout and robust, hence the name Robusta. Arabica coffee is grown in highland plantations, about 1,500 metres above sea level where lower temperatures and slower growth lead to a coffee with good aroma & smooth taste. Many sub-groups of Arabica coffees, exist, namely, Blue Mountain, Kona, Kilimanjaro, Mandehling, Toraja, to name a few, generally named after their geographical locations.
Flavour and quality of coffee depends on many factors, including grading, processing soil and climate conditions. The very best Arabica coffees are called specialty coffees and is used by high end baristas. It is well known that soil conditions and climate significantly affect coffee flavour. It has even been documented that coffee beans grown on opposite banks of a river in the same plantation has different flavour.